Biomedical Engineering and Neuroscience
The Biomedical Engineering and Neuroscience (BENS) research program in the MARCS Institute combines expertise in Electrical Engineering and Medicine to create new medical devices and engineering solutions and to study neural computation.
We are currently developing several electronic devices for medical purposes. Some of these devices measure intrinsic body properties such as blood flow and respiration. Other devices actively interact with the user with the aim of improving human functions such as balance and sensory perception.
Our neuroscience research concentrates on understanding computation in the brain and on applying this understanding in electronic systems. We also study artificial neural networks that are only loosely based on real brains as computational methods.
We know that a brain creates a coherent interpretation of the external world based on input from its senses, but that data from these senses are sometimes unreliable and confused. We are assuming the brain uses a form of Bayesian Inference, in which prior information is used to interpret the sensory input to determine what is out there.
Neuromorphic engineering is a subfield of electrical engineering that applies knowledge of how signals are processed in the brain to build electronic signal processing systems that vastly outperform current digital signal processing systems. Our team at UWS is one of the largest neuromorphic research groups in the world.